Education & Certifications:
- BS, University of Washington, Seattle Washington, 1976.
- MD, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, 1985.
- Internship, University of Southern California Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, 1985–1986.
- Residency, Ophthalmology, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, 1987–1990.
- Ophthalmology, American Board of Ophthalmology: 1996, 2006.
- Eyelid surgery.
- Pediatric ophthalmology.