Education & Certifications:
- BSN, Texas Women’s University, Denton, Texas, 1977.
- MD, University of Health Sciences/The Chicago Medical School, 1989.
- Residency, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Maine Medical Center, Portland, Maine, 1989–1990.
- Residency, Anesthesiology, Maine Medical Center, Portland, Maine, 1990–1993.
- Anesthesiology, American Board of Anesthesiology: 1996.