Education & Certifications:
- BS, University of Portland, Portland, Oregon, 1985, magna cum laude.
- MD, Creighton University, Omaha, Nebraska, 1989.
- Internship, Internal Medicine, Creighton University Affiliated Hospitals, Omaha, Nebraska, 1989–1990.
- U.S. Naval flight surgeon training and deployment, NAS Pensacola, Florida, NAS Lemoore, California, 1990–1993.
- Residency, Anesthesiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, 1993–1996.
- Anesthesiology, American Board of Anesthesiology, 1998.